Programme

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Thursday 28 May – Day One

08:00 – 10:00                   Registration and Accreditation

10:30 – 10:35                   Welcome Remarks

Gen. James Kabarebe, Minister of Defence, Republic of Rwanda

10:35 – 10:45                   Remarks

Remarks by Lamin M. Manneh, United Nations Resident Coordinator and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative, Rwanda

10:45 – 11:00                    Opening Address

His Excellency Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda

Read the President’s address here.

11:00 – 11:20                    Group Photo and Coffee Break

11:30 – 13:00                    Session 1: Analysis of and Response to Protection of Civilians Threats

What can be done to ensure a rapid and suitable response by the military and police components to the identified threats to civilians? How can coordination between various components be enhanced to enable a quicker and timelier threat analysis, as well as a more effective operational planning? What are the current developments and remaining gaps in terms of intelligence capabilities for Protection of Civilians implementation? How do we strengthen reporting on Protection of Civilians response (successes and failures)? How do we better capture lessons learned from significant Protection of Civilians incidents? What are the challenges faced by troop contributing countries in distinguishing civilians from combatants? How does this impact operations?

Moderator:         Kristoffer Nilaus Tarp, Analyst, Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)

Speakers:            
– Hilde Johnson, Former Special Representative of the Secretary-General for South Sudan
– Alison Giffen, Co-Director, Future of Peace Operations Program, Stimson Center
– Paul D. Williams, Associate Professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, USA

13:00 – 14:30                    Lunch hosted by the Minister of Defence, Republic of Rwanda

14:30 – 16:00                    Session 2: Responsibility of Host State vis-à-vis other stakeholders

How do Security Council members, mission leadership and troop contributing countries currently understand their role vis-à-vis the host state and how can they strengthen their engagement with host authorities around the Protection of Civilians? What are the lessons learned in this regard?

Moderator:         Hilde Johnson, Former Special Representative of the Secretary-General for South Sudan

Speakers:
– Augustin Tine, Minister of the Armed Forces, Republic of Senegal
– Marie Louise Baricako, Member of the UN High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations

16:00 – 16:15                    Coffee Break

16:15 – 17:45                    Session 3: Protection of Civilians Mandates and Guidance

How can the Security Council, UN Peacekeeping and troop contributing countries ensure that existing guidance on Protection of Civilians mandate implementation, including specific guidance for military components, is well-understood and implementable? How can Council Members, UN Peacekeeping and troop contributing countries engage constructively around Protection of Civilians mandate interpretation and implementation? How can UN Peacekeeping and troop contributing countries work together to enhance prevention and preemption of physical violence against civilians?

Moderator:         Kwesi Aning, Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

Speakers: 
– Victoria Holt, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs, U.S. Department of State
– Maj. Gen. Mohamed Elkeshky, Assistant Minister of Defence, Republic of Egypt
– Ralph Mamiya, Division of Policy, Evaluation and Training, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations

19:00 – 21:00                    Dinner – Hosted by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Republic of Rwanda

 

Friday 29 May – Day Two

09:00 – 09:30                    Address by Dmitry Titov, Assistant Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations

09:30 – 10:00                    Address by José Ramos-Horta Former President of Timor-Leste and Chair of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations

10:00 – 11:15                      Session 4: Enhancing Capabilities, Training and Commitments of Peacekeepers for the Protection of Civilians

How can UN Peacekeeping work with troop contributing countries to better match troop capabilities and national caveats with the nature of the threat to civilians? How can UN Peacekeeping and troop contributing countries work together to strengthen pre-deployment training on the Protection of Civilians? How can North-South bilateral partnerships enhance capabilities for implementing the Protection of Civilians mandate? What are the current capability gaps that hamper Protection of Civilians implementation in UN missions? How can these gaps be filled?

Moderator:         Adam C. Smith, Director, Center for Peace Operations, International Peace Institute

Speakers:
– Gen. Patrick Nyamvumba, Chief of Defence Staff, Rwanda Defence Force and Former Force Commander, United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)
– Maj. Gen. (ret) Patrick Cammaert, Former Military Adviser, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Former Force Commander of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
– Col. Nazir Hussein Khan, Deputy Director, Peacekeeping Operations, Republic of Pakistan

11:15 – 11:30                      Coffee Break

11:30 – 12:45                       Session 5: Protection of Civilians and The Use of Force

Chapter VII mandates authorize peacekeepers to employ “all necessary means, up to and including the use of force” to protect civilians. While the use of force is a last resort, there is a clear expectation from the Council that peacekeepers must be prepared to use it when the situation requires. What can be done during pre- and post-deployment to enhance the military component’s understanding of the rules of engagement in relation to the Protection of Civilians? How do we understand recent incidents in which force was not used to protect civilians, in contrast to situations where missions’ military components successfully intervened to protect civilians? What are the lessons learnt and best practices in this regard? How can peacekeepers better leverage the show or use of force for credible deterrence? What are the legal protections for peacekeepers who use force to protect civilians?

Moderator:         Maj. Gen. (ret) Patrick Cammaert, Former Military Adviser, UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Former Force Commander of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)

Speakers:
– Lt. Gen. Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz, Force Commander, United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)
– Maj. Gen. Hassan Ibrahim Moussa, Head of the Ethiopian International Peacekeeping Training Centre (EIPKTC)
– Mona Khalil, Senior Legal Officer, Office of the Legal Counsel of the United Nations

12:45 – 13:45                      Lunch hosted by the Minister of Defence, Republic of Rwanda

13:45 – 13:55                      Reading of Kigali Protection Principles

Gen. Patrick Nyamvumba, Chief of Defence Staff, Rwanda Defence Force and Former Force Commander, United Nations–African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)

13:55 – 14:00                       Closing Remarks

Gen. James Kabarebe, Minister of Defence, Republic of Rwanda

14:00 – 16:00                      Visit to the Kigali Genocide Memorial